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Jul 27, 2010 · This study aims to examine the thermodynamic feasibility of separating sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), which is widely used in various industrial fields and is one of the most potent greenhouse gases, from gas mixtures using gas hydrate formation. The key process variables of hydrate phase equilibria, pressure−composition diagram, formation kinetics, and structure identification of the mixed gas ...

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  • Cold Weather Applications of Gas Mixture (SF6/N2, SF6/CF4

    4 mixture: •This mixture first became available in 1991; since then Manitoba Hydro has standardized on this mixture for all new breakers •50/50 mixture •Filling pressure (at 20ºC): 0.36 MPa SF 6 + 0.34 MPa CF 4 • Alarm pressure (20ºC): 0.62 Mpa • Blocking pressure (20ºC): 0.60 MPa MIXED GAS CIRCUIT BREAKERS

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  • Problems of the application of N2/SF6 mixtures to gas

    Sep 21, 2001 · Abstract. In designing a gas‐insulated bus (GIB) using N 2 /SF 6 mixtures, there are many application problems, such as the mixture pressure needed in order to maintain the required dielectric and heat transfer performance. Problems of recycling SF 6 are also essential in applying N 2 /SF 6 mixtures. This paper presents the minimum breakdown field strength at lightning impulse and the temperature rise of the conductor and enclosure as measured for N 2 /SF 6 mixtures.

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  • Comparison of SF6/N2 and SF6/CO 2 gas mixtures as

    The instable corona discharge voltage of 10%~90% SF6/N2 gas mixtures and SF6 is lower than 50%~50% SF6/N2 gas mixture. View. and its SF6 gas of one 500 kV station is used to carry out in

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  • DEW POINTS OF SF6/N2 GAS MIXTURES - ScienceDirect

    Jan 01, 2013 · DEW POINTS OF SF6/N2 GAS MIXTURES K. B. Miners*, M. J. Mastroianni**, P. N. Sheldon* and D. P. Wilson* *Allied Chemical, Buffalo Research Laboratory (BRL) 20 Peabody Street, Buffalo, N.Y. 14210 **Halocarbon Products Corp. 82 Burlews Court, Hackensack, N.J. 07601 ABSTRACT Electrical utilities and OEM1s have voiced concern over the possibility of conden sation of SF. in GIE (gas-insulated

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  • Separation of SF6 from Binary Mixtures with N2 Using

    The effective separation of SF6 from binary mixtures with N2 is critical for the proposed replacement of pure SF6, used as an insulating gas in high power industry, by the mixtures of these two gases.

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  • Separation of SF6 from SF6/N2 mixture using metal–organic

    Feb 15, 2015 · The final composition of the reactant mixture was 1 Fe(NO 3) 3 ·9 H 2 O: 0.67 BTC: x H 2 O (x = 55–280). The reactant mixture was heated at 433 K for 12 h using a Teflon-lined pressure vessel. Following the hydrothermal reaction, the synthesized solid was filtered and washed with deionized water.

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  • SF6-alternative gases for application in gas-insulated

    Mar 20, 2018 · Suh W B, Yim J Y and Song K D 2011 Breakdown voltage characteristics in the SF6/N2 gas mixtures for DS/ES compartment of a 245 kV gas insulated switchgear 2011 1st Int. Conf. Electric Power Equipment-Switching Technology (ICEPE-ST) (Xi’an, China,) p 366. Google Scholar

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  • Alternatives for SF6 | 2020 | Siemens Energy Global

    Another option are certain fluorinated gas mixtures that also have less greenhouse gas potential than SF 6. For example, the Zurich-based energy supplier EWZ has been using such a solution since 2015, and in 2019 a 380 kV plant was erected in Bavaria, Germany. However, these gas mixtures lose their effectiveness at very low temperatures.

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  • Top Music Stations Seattle, WA - Radio Stations | America Top 10

    Star 101. 5. Seattle, WA. STAR 101.5 has been a fixture in the Northwest for more than a decade. In 1994, they migrated from a “young adult” contemporary station and began to focus primarily on serving women in the Puget Sound area with a Hot Adult Contemporary mix of new hits and familiar 80s and 90s classics.

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  • Separation of SF6 from Gas Mixtures Using Gas Hydrate

    Jul 27, 2010 · This study aims to examine the thermodynamic feasibility of separating sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), which is widely used in various industrial fields and is one of the most potent greenhouse gases, from gas mixtures using gas hydrate formation. The key process variables of hydrate phase equilibria, pressure−composition diagram, formation kinetics, and structure identification of the mixed gas

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  • Chemical Decomposition of High Pressure SF6/N2 (5:95

    In order to comply with this aim, one of the solutions adopted by the manufacturers and the users of some of these equipments, consists in reducing the quantity of SF 6 used by mixing it with zero (or very much lower) risk gases.For instance, as SF 6 /N 2 mixtures with SF 6 concentrations lying between 5 and 15% realise a satisfactory compromise between dielectric performances and cost, Electricité de France plans to use these mixtures to fill its future gas-insulated lines 2.

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  • 1st International Conference on SF6 and the Environment

    Utility Breakout Session III: Gas Mixtures And Alternatives To Pure SF6. Cold Weather Applications of Gas Mixture (SF6/N2 and SF6/CF4) Circuit Breakers: A Utility User’s Perspective, Bob Middleton, Apparatus Quality Control Engineer, Manitoba Hydro

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  • Development of the SF6/N2 Gas Mixture Insulated Transformer

    Abstract. SF 6 gas found its use in China as an insulating medium in 1971 when Xi’an High Voltage Switchgear Research Institute developed the first Chinese GIS rated 110kV for a hydroelectric power station. in 1975 Xi’an Electric Power Capacitor Factory and Xi’an Jiaotong University jointly developed the first 500kV SF 6 gas-insulated standard capacitor in China. and as an extension of

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  • Thermal Decomposition Properties of Epoxy Resin in SF6/N2 Mixture

    As a promising alternative for pure SF6, the mixture of SF6/N2 appears to be more economic and environment-friendly on the premise of maintaining similar dielectric properties with pure SF6. But less attention has been paid to the thermal properties of an SF6/N2 mixture, especially with insulation materials overheating happening simultaneously. In this paper, thermal decomposition properties

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  • Application of SF6 mixture gases in GIS in Northern China

    Mixture Handling Clearly, since the population of SF 6 mixtures circuit breakers in China continues to grow, and some of the handling procedures for pure SF 6 are not valid for handling SF 6 mixtures, a number of other issues need to be addressed and one of them pertains to information on preparation, recycling, and handling. 3.1 SF 6 Mixture

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  • Development Sf6 Alternative Gases in Switchgears - Switchgear

    Nov 23, 2019 · The possible candidates are introduced, which are air, N2, CO2, perfluorocarbon (PFC), hydrofluorocarbon (HFC), gas mixtures containing SF6 as shown in Figure 1 by boiling temperature. These gases do not have higher dielectric strength but lower GWP than SF6, and their boiling points are below 0 ˚C. Other approaches to apply new alternative gases with low GWP to gas-insulated systems are now under study.

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  • THE 15 BEST Things to Do in Seattle - 2021 (with Photos

    Things to Do in Seattle, Washington: See Tripadvisor583,955 traveler reviews and photos of Seattle tourist attractions. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in April. We have reviews of the best places to see in Seattle. Visit top-rated must-see attractions.

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  • Static Field Breakdown of SF6-N2 Mixtures in Rod-Plane Gaps

    The static field breakdown and corona characteristics of SF6-N2 mixtures in non-uniform field gaps for applied voltages of positive and negative polarities are discussed. Mixtures containing 0 to 100% SF6 are studied over a pressure range of 100 to 500 kPa. The results show that for such gaps, the dielectric behavior of SF6-N2 mixtures is very similar to that of pure SF6. A discontinuity is

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  • Top Five Technologies Needed for a Spacecraft to Survive Deep

    As humans travel farther from Earth for longer missions, the systems that keep them alive must be highly reliable while taking up minimal mass and volume.

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  • Cold Weather Applications of Gas Mixture (SF6/N2 and SF6/CF4

    Apr 01, 2016 · Cold Weather Applications of Gas Mixture (SF6/N2 and SF6/CF4) Circuit Breakers: A Utility User’s Perspective (PDF) (27 pp, 3 MB) Cold Weather Applications of Gas Mixture (SF6/N2 and SF6/CF4) Circuit Breakers: A Utility User’s Perspective - Paper (PDF) (8 pp, 839 K)

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  • Characteristics of Partial Discharges on a Dielectric Surface

    This paper presents the results of a recent investigation of pulsating PD phenomena occurring in point-dielectric gaps under an alternating voltage in SF 6-N 2 mixtures. The dielectric is a cast epoxy resin with Al 2 O 3 filler. A computer-based PD recording system has been utilized which captures the amplitudes and time of occurrences of all pulsating PD events above a certain amplitude within an arbitrary time period.

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  • A New Concentration Detection System for SF6/N2 Mixture Gas

    solved by the mixture of SF6/N2 (e.g., the liquefaction point of -42℃under 0.6 MPa). As a result, the SF. 6 /N. 2. mixture gas is gradually replacing the SF. 6. gas in extra/ultra-high voltage transmission systems [21-23]. For . A New Concentration Detection System for SF. 6 /N. 2. Mixture Gas in Extra/Ultra High Voltage Power Transmission

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  • SF6/N2 Mixtures for High Voltage Equipment and Practical

    Kawamura, T, Matsumoto, S, Hanai, M Murayama, Y 1998, ' SF6/N2 Mixtures for High Voltage Equipment and Practical Problem ', Gaseous Dielectrics, pp. 333-342. Kawamura T , Matsumoto S , Hanai M, Murayama Y. SF6/N2 Mixtures for High Voltage Equipment and Practical Problem .

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  • Holiday Stationstores

    Recommended by leading auto manufacturers, Top Tier gasoline contains more engine cleaning additives than required by the EPA. All grades of Holiday Blue Planet Gasoline meet or exceed Top Tier standards. In fact, our Premium gasoline has TWICE the Top Tier standards, providing maximum cleaning for peak engine performance.

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  • PERIODIC REVIEW Chevron Station 9-5166 Facility Site ID

    Chevron Station 9-5166 September 2010 Periodic Review Page 2 Washington Department of Ecology 2.0 SUMMARY OF SITE CONDITIONS 2.1 Site Description and History The Chevron Service Station #9-5166 is situated on the southeast corner of the intersection of Kitsap Way (State Highway 3) and Oyster Bay Avenue at 4399 Kitsap Way in Bremerton,

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  • PERIODIC REVIEW Chevron Station 9-5166 Facility Site ID

    Chevron Station 9-5166 May 2015 Periodic Review Page 3 Washington Department of Ecology 2.0 SUMMARY OF SITE CONDITIONS 2.1 Site Description and History The Chevron Service Station #9-5166 is situated on the southeast corner of the intersection of Kitsap Way (State Highway 3) and Oyster Bay Avenue at 4399 Kitsap Way in Bremerton,

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  • New SI-traceable reference gas mixtures for sulfur

    We developed two SI-traceable methods, using both static and dynamic preparation steps, to produce reference gas mixtures for sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) in gas cylinders at pmol/mol level. This research activity is conducted under the framework of the European EMRP HIGHGAS project, in support of the high quality measurements of this important greenhouse gas in the earthatmosphere. In the

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  • The effects of several gases (He, N2, N2O, and SF6) on gas

    The amount of gas trapped in the lungs at a given inflation-deflation rate was related to the solubility of the gas divided by the square root of its molecular weight. During the second part of the study the effect of different mixtures of SF6 and O2 on the amount of gas trapped was examined.

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  • Breakdown Gradients in SF6-N2, SF6-Air and SF6-CO2 Mixtures

    Abstract: A method to calculate the uniform field breakdown gradients for SF6-N2, SF6-air and SF6-CO2 mixtures is discussed. Calculated values of the breakdown gradients in these mixtures are compared with experimentally measured values using plane-plane electrode configuration and direct applied voltages.

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