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Successful Projects of SF6 N2 Mixtures carts

A Study of the Critical Pressure in SF6/N2 Mixtures for Positive Point Plane Systems with Impulse Voltages Abstract: A dual photomultiplier system and a field probe have been used to study the optoelectrical phenomena in commercially pure SF6 and mixtures of SF6 with oxygen-free N2, under impulse voltages in a point-plane gap.

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  • A Study of the Critical Pressure in SF6/N2 Mixtures for

    A Study of the Critical Pressure in SF6/N2 Mixtures for Positive Point Plane Systems with Impulse Voltages Abstract: A dual photomultiplier system and a field probe have been used to study the optoelectrical phenomena in commercially pure SF6 and mixtures of SF6 with oxygen-free N2, under impulse voltages in a point-plane gap.

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  • DEW POINTS OF SF6/N2 GAS MIXTURES - ScienceDirect

    Jan 01, 2013 · DEW POINTS OF SF6/N2 GAS MIXTURES K. B. Miners*, M. J. Mastroianni**, P. N. Sheldon* and D. P. Wilson* *Allied Chemical, Buffalo Research Laboratory (BRL) 20 Peabody Street, Buffalo, N.Y. 14210 **Halocarbon Products Corp. 82 Burlews Court, Hackensack, N.J. 07601 ABSTRACT Electrical utilities and OEM1s have voiced concern over the possibility of conden sation of SF. in GIE (gas-insulated

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  • Experimental study of SF6/N2 and SF6/CCl2F2 mixtures by the

    Prebreakdown ionization currents have been measured in SF6/N2 and SF6/CCl2F2 mixtures and respective gases by the steady‐state Townsend method over the range of reduced fields 70≤E/p20≤200 V cm−1 T...

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  • Recovery of SF6 from N2/SF6 Gas Mixtures by Using a Polymer

    The effective separation of SF6 from binary mixtures with N2 is critical for the proposed replacement of pure SF6, used as an insulating gas in high power industry, by the mixtures of these two gases.

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  • Development of the SF6/N2 Gas Mixture Insulated Transformer

    Abstract. SF 6 gas found its use in China as an insulating medium in 1971 when Xi’an High Voltage Switchgear Research Institute developed the first Chinese GIS rated 110kV for a hydroelectric power station. in 1975 Xi’an Electric Power Capacitor Factory and Xi’an Jiaotong University jointly developed the first 500kV SF 6 gas-insulated standard capacitor in China. and as an extension of

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  • Problems of the application of N2/SF6 mixtures to gas

    Sep 21, 2001 · Abstract In designing a gas‐insulated bus (GIB) using N2/SF6 mixtures, there are many application problems, such as the mixture pressure needed in order to maintain the required dielectric and heat...

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  • Application of SF6 mixture gases in GIS in Northern China

    Mixture Handling Clearly, since the population of SF 6 mixtures circuit breakers in China continues to grow, and some of the handling procedures for pure SF 6 are not valid for handling SF 6 mixtures, a number of other issues need to be addressed and one of them pertains to information on preparation, recycling, and handling. 3.1 SF 6 Mixture

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  • Analysis of By-Products of N2-SF6 Gas Mixtures Sparked under

    A vast data on formation of by-products due to arc and spark decomposition of SF6 is available in literature [1–10]. But experimental work relating to N2 - SF6gas mixtures is limited.

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  • Static Field Breakdown of SF6-N2 Mixtures in Rod-Plane Gaps

    The static field breakdown and corona characteristics of SF6-N2 mixtures in non-uniform field gaps for applied voltages of positive and negative polarities are discussed. Mixtures containing 0 to 100% SF6 are studied over a pressure range of 100 to 500 kPa. The results show that for such gaps, the dielectric behavior of SF6-N2 mixtures is very similar to that of pure SF6. A discontinuity is

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  • Separation of SF6 from Gas Mixtures Using Gas Hydrate Formation

    The three-phase equilibria of hydrate (H), liquid water (LW), and vapor (V) for the binary SF6 + water mixture and for the ternary N2 + SF6 + water mixtures with various SF6 vapor compositions (10, 30, 50, and 70%) were experimentally measured to determine the stability regions and formation conditions of pure and mixed hydrates.

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  • Development Sf6 Alternative Gases in Switchgears - Switchgear

    Nov 23, 2019 · The possible candidates are introduced, which are air, N2, CO2, perfluorocarbon (PFC), hydrofluorocarbon (HFC), gas mixtures containing SF6 as shown in Figure 1 by boiling temperature. These gases do not have higher dielectric strength but lower GWP than SF6, and their boiling points are below 0 ˚C.

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  • COLD-WEATHER APPLICATION OF GAS MIXTURE (SF6/N2, SF6/CF4

    were purchased with a 0.5 MPa mixture (0.31SF 6 + 0.2N 2) at 20 oC. In 1990, a new gas mixture of SF 6 and CF 4 became available. This new mixture offered some very important advantages over the SF 6 and N 2 mixture. A circuit breaker filled with the SF 6/CF 4 mixture is, in most cases,

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  • IMPULSE BREAKDOWN IN SF6, SF6/N2 AND SF6/N2/PERFLUOROCARBON

    Jan 01, 2013 · IMPULSE BREAKDOWN IN SF 6 , SF 6 /N 2 AND SF6/N2/PERFLUOROCARBON MIXTURES A. Fatheddin* M. 0. Pace,* L. G. Christophorou,* and R. Y. Pai + Atomic, Molecular and High Voltage Physics Group, Health and Safety Research Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 *Also, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37916 +GTE Products Corp., Danvers, MA 19230 ABSTRACT The impulse

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  • New SI-traceable reference gas mixtures for sulfur

    We developed two SI-traceable methods, using both static and dynamic preparation steps, to produce reference gas mixtures for sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) in gas cylinders at pmol/mol level. This research activity is conducted under the framework of the European EMRP HIGHGAS project, in support of the high quality measurements of this important greenhouse gas in the earthatmosphere. In the

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  • Processes | Free Full-Text | Alternative Environmentally

    Only mixture SF6 with air, N2, is used as alternative to pure SF6, because of disadvantage properties of pure SF6. The assessment of the paper is difficult for me. Authors made detailed analysis of some gases, but they are not used widely in power systems.

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  • Cold Weather Applications of Gas Mixture (SF6/N2, SF6/CF4

    Cold Weather Applications of Gas Mixture (SF 6/N 2, SF 6/CF 4) Circuit Breakers: A User Utility’s Perspective By Bob Middleton, Manitoba Hydro Presented at The US Environmental Protection Agency’s

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  • Breakdown Gradients in SF6-N2, SF6-Air and SF6-CO2 Mixtures

    Abstract: A method to calculate the uniform field breakdown gradients for SF6-N2, SF6-air and SF6-CO2 mixtures is discussed. Calculated values of the breakdown gradients in these mixtures are compared with experimentally measured values using plane-plane electrode configuration and direct applied voltages.

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  • Separation of SF6 from Gas Mixtures Using Gas Hydrate

    Jul 27, 2010 · Furthermore, the structure of the mixed N2 + SF6 hydrate was confirmed to be structure II via Raman spectroscopy. Through close examination of the overall experimental results, it was clearly verified that highly concentrated SF6 can be separated from gas mixtures at mild temperatures and low pressure conditions.

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  • (PDF) Calculation of Sparking Potentials of SF6 and SF6-GAS

    A simple formula is developed to predict the sparking potentials of SF6 and SF6-gas mixture in uniform and non-uniform fields. The formula has been shown to be valid over a very wide range from 1

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  • A New Concentration Detection System for SF6/N2 Mixture Gas

    SF6/N2 mixture in extra/ultra-high voltage power transmission systems. The concentrations of SF6 and N2 are calculated from the thermal conductivity function of the mixture gas. The main contribution of this work is that a specially-designed thermostatic chamber with adaptive temperature controller is developed

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  • IET Digital Library: Analysis of SF6/N2 gas mixture

    Two methods have been carried out for the analysis of SF6/N2 gas mixture decomposition by-products in electric discharges: infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatography. The infrared spectroscopy is a rapid method from which we can have qualitative analysis about all the products in a mixture, except those having the same absorption lines.

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  • ABB ABB SpA Power Products SF6 Instrument Transformers

    •Improvement projects •Definition of procedures for assembling and testing activities •Definition of operators checklists •Monitoring of compliancy with procedures •Defects monitoring and analysis •Feedback to RD on technical gaps •Training •Weekly quality meetings on shopfloor •Improvement projects TG quality

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  • Application of non-SF6 gases or gas-mixtures in medium

    It describes the given and available properties of the non-SF6 gases and gas-mixtures which have been investigated and applied to gas-insulated switchgear in MV and HV. This Technical Brochure also covers ongoing development of alternatives for SF6 and application restrictions and issues of the pilot projects applying alternative gases.

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  • Title Recovery of SF6 from N-2/SF6 gas mixtures by using a

    Mixtures by Using a Polymer Membrane Key Words: SF 6 gas recovery, gas mixtures, polymer membrane, gas purity, recovery loss The worldwide effort of reducing or even banning SF6 gas—which has an extremely high global warming potential (GWP)—concerns not only the electric power industry but also other sectors, such as the magne-

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  • Comparison of Partial Discharges in SF6 and Fluoronitrile/CO2

    Oct 03, 2017 · mixture and SF 6 have almost the same PDIV under 11.6psi, 14.5 psi and 17.4psi. Both slightly lower than 20% mixture. • PD counts in SF 6 are in-between 15% and 20% mixture. • SF 6 has much more PDs with low magnitude and the 20% fluoronitrile/CO 2 mixture has less PDs but with higher magnitude.

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  • The effects of several gases (He, N2, N2O, and SF6) on gas

    The effects of several gases (He, N2, N2O, and SF6) on gas trapping in excised lungs. Frazer DG, Weber KC. Rat lungs were ventilated in a saline filled plethysmograph with the trachea attached to a cannula extending through the chamber base.

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  • SF6 Reclaimer from SF6/ N2 Mixtures by Gas Separation with

    Discussing various methods for SF6 separation from a mixture of low concentrations of SF6 in N2, pressure swing adsorption (PSA) with a suitable kind of synthetic zeolite, which is expected molecular sieving effect, has been selected. This molecular sieving effect, derived from molecular size difference between SF6 and N2, is confirmed by the difference between two equivalent volumes filled

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  • Cold Weather Applications of Gas Mixture (SF6/N2 and SF6/CF4

    Apr 01, 2016 · Cold Weather Applications of Gas Mixture (SF6/N2 and SF6/CF4) Circuit Breakers: A Utility User’s Perspective (PDF) (27 pp, 3 MB) Cold Weather Applications of Gas Mixture (SF6/N2 and SF6/CF4) Circuit Breakers: A Utility User’s Perspective - Paper (PDF) (8 pp, 839 K)

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  • Thermal Decomposition Properties of Epoxy Resin in SF6/N2 Mixture

    As a promising alternative for pure SF6, the mixture of SF6/N2 appears to be more economic and environment-friendly on the premise of maintaining similar dielectric properties with pure SF6. But less attention has been paid to the thermal properties of an SF6/N2 mixture, especially with insulation materials overheating happening simultaneously. In this paper, thermal decomposition properties

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